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Rankings and Statistics

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Get to know Maryland better with the easy-to-use Data Explorer. Compare information on education, the economy, taxes and quality of life on different locations within Maryland or with other states and metro areas. ​​

Maryland Data Explorer



Choose from eight categories of rankings including Workforce, R&D, Income and Wealth, Quality of Life, and Education to find out how Maryland stacks up against the competition.
  • Education
      • Maryland ranks second nationally in the percentage of high school seniors who scored at the mastery level on Advanced Placement (AP) exams, with 31.2% earning a score of 3 or higher in 2017. Maryland also ranks second among the states in the percentage of graduates taking AP tests during high school at 49.8%, up from 34.9% in 2007.  1
      • Maryland is second in the nation with 16 higher education institutions designated by the National Security Agency and Department of Homeland Security as National Centers of Academic Excellence in Cyber Defense education and research.  2
      • According to Quality Counts, Education Week’s annual assessment of key indicators of student success, Maryland’s K-12 public school system ranks sixth overall based on three graded categories that include chance for success, K-12 achievement and school finance. 3
      • According to U.S. News and World Report’s Best Colleges survey, Johns Hopkins University holds the following rankings:  4
        • 10th overall among top national universities that offer doctoral degrees, 18th best value, and 18th most innovative school
        • sixth, ranked by high school counselors as offering the best undergraduate education
        • second among top research medical schools, with top five rankings in the following specialties:  anesthesiology, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, psychiatry, radiology, and surgery
        • first in nursing, with top five rankings in adult acute care and primary care nurse practitioner, family nurse practitioner, psychiatric nurse practitioner, nursing administration and doctor of nursing practice
        • 14th in undergraduate engineering among schools that offer a doctorate including first in biomedical and 11th in environmental engineering
        • 18th in graduate engineering, including first in biomedical, 15th in mechanical, and 18th in materials engineering
        • first in graduate public health, fourth in health policy and management and seventh in health care management
        • sixth in graduate biology, with top ten rankings in cell biology and neuroscience
        • third in graduate statistics
        • fifth in online graduate nursing and graduate information technology, and 19th in online graduate engtineering programs
      • ​According to U.S. News and World Report’s Best Colleges survey, the University of Maryland, College Park holds the following rankings:  5 
        • eighth in undergraduate management information systems, 14th in supply chain management/logistics, 15th in management, and 20th in entrepreneurship; and 9th in graduate information systems 
        • 16th in graduate computer science, including 16th in artificial intelligence, systems, and theory, and 17th in programming language
        • top ten in graduate physics programs including atomic/molecular/optical physics, and quantum physics
        • 12th in both undergraduate and graduate aerospace engineering; 16th in graduate mechanical and 18th in graduate electrical engineering
        • first in graduate criminology
        • sixth in graduate homeland/national security and emergency management
        • top ten in graduate education programs including student counseling/personnel services, educational psychology,and higher education administration
        • top ten in graduate library and information science including archives and preservation, information systems, digital librarianship, school library media and services for children and youth​
        • ninth best online MBA program
      • ​Other Maryland colleges/universities that rank highly in the U.S. News and World Report survey include: 6 
        • The University of Maryland, Baltimore County ranks eighth best for undergraduate teaching and ninth most innovative among national universities
        • The University of Maryland, Baltimore ranks among the top ten U.S. law schools in clinical training, health care law and part-time law
        • The University of Maryland, Baltimore, ranks 13th nationally in nursing, with top ten rankings in clinical nurse leader, adult acute care and primary care nurse practitioner, pediatric nurse practitioner, family nurse practitioner, psychiatric nurse practitioner, nursing administration, nursing anasthesia, nursing informatics, and doctor of nursing practice
        • The University of Maryland, Baltimore, ranks ninth in pharmacy
        • St. Mary’s College of Maryland ranks sixth among top public liberal arts colleges in the nation
        • Loyola University Maryland ranks fifth among top northern universities that offer undergraduate and master’s degrees, and 12th best for undergraduate teaching
        • Goucher College ranks 12th most innovative among national liberal arts colleges
        • St. John's College ranks 15th for undergraduate teaching among national liberal arts colleges
        • Towson University ranks 12th among public northern universities that offer undergraduate and master’s degrees 
        • Hood College ranks 16th in best values among northern universities that offer undergraduate and master’s degrees 
        • Maryland Institute College of Art ranks ninth overall for its master of fine arts program, with top five rankings in graphic design, painting/drawing and sculpture 
        • Morgan State University ranks 14th among historically black colleges
        • The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences in Bethesda ranks fourth in nursing anesthesia
        • The United States Naval Academy ranks second in the nation among top public liberal arts colleges, and is ranked first by high school counselors for offering the best education to their students
        • The United States Naval Academy ranks fourth in undergraduate engineering among schools without PhD programs, including fifth in mechanical engineering
      • According to a U.S. News and World Report ranking of U.S. public high schools, Maryland places third in the percentage of schools awarded a gold or silver medal for how well schools prepare students for college-level work, based on performance on state and national proficiency tests and graduation rates.  7
      • The University of Maryland, College Park places 10th in a Kiplinger ranking of the 100 best values among public colleges for 2018 based on a combination of academics and affordability. Three other Maryland institutions also make the top 100 public colleges including Salisbury University, St. Mary’s College and the University of Maryland Baltimore County. Johns Hopkins places 14th in the ranking among private universities.  8
      • According to the Princeton Review and Entrepreneur magazine, the University of Maryland, College Park ranks eighth among undergraduate entrepreneurship programs for 2019. 9

      • Johns Hopkins University ranks 12th in U.S. News and World Report's list of Best Global Universities, which rates institutions on their academic research performance and global and regional reputations. Further, Hopkins ranks in the top ten in six subject specialties.  10
      • According to Times Higher Education, Johns Hopkins University is 12th worldwide in a ranking of research intensive universities based on teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook. Further, the university ranks sixth worldwide for clinical, pre-clinical and health fields, sixth for life sciences, and 15th for education.  11
      • The University of Maryland, College Park ranks 15th among U.S. public universities according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities. In addition, UMCP ranks in the top 15 worldwide in the following subjects: atmospheric science, environmental engineering, remote sensing, communications, business administration, management, and library and information sciences. 12 
      • Johns Hopkins University ranks 18th worldwide and 15th in the U.S. among research universities according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities. Hopkins ranks second in the world in the fields of human biological sciences and public health, third in clinical medicine and medical technology, sixth in biotechnology, and ninth in biological sciences and statistics.  13 
      • The University of Maryland, College Park (UMCP), and Johns Hopkins University rank ​among the top 30 doctorate-granting institutions in the nation based on the number of recipients for 2016. Johns Hopkins ranks third in life sciences doctorates, while UMCP ranks among the top 20 for math and computer sciences; psychology and social sciences; engineering; and physical and earth sciences. Based on a 5-year total (2012-2016), Johns Hopkins and UMCP rank among the top 20 for Asian doctorate recipients, while UMCP and Morgan State University are in the top 20 for African American recipients. 14
      • In WalletHub's ranking of the most educated states in the U.S., Maryland ranks second overall based on a combination of educational attainment, school quality, and achievement gaps. 15

      • Maryland's public K-12 school system ranks eighth in the nation based on 25 quality and safety metrics compiled by WalletHub. 16 


      1Maryland State Department of Education press release, February 21, 2018.
      2 National Security Agency, Information Assurance Directorate as of August 22, 2018.
      3 Education Week, Quality Counts 2018, January 17, 2018.
      4 U.S. News and World Report, America’s Best Colleges 2019 and Best Graduate Schools 2019 Editions.  
      5 U.S. News and World Report, America’s Best Colleges 2019 and Best Graduate Schools 2019 Editions.  
      6 U.S. News and World Report, America’s Best Colleges 2019 and Best Graduate Schools 2019 Editions.
      7 U.S. News and World Report, Best High Schools 2018, May 2018. 
      8 Kiplinger’s Best College Values 2018.
      9 The Princeton Review and Entrepreneur magazine, 2019 Top Schools for Entrepreneurs.
      10 U.S. News and World Report, Best Global Universities 2019.
      11 Times Higher Education, World University Rankings 2019 and subject rankings 2018.
      12 Shanghai Ranking Consultancy, Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018​.
      13 Shanghai Ranking Consultancy, Academic Ranking of World Universities 2018.
      14 National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, data for 2016. 
      15 WalletHub, 2018's Most & Least Educated States in America, January 23, 2018.
      16 WalletHub, 2018's States with the Best & Worst School Systems, July 30, 2018.

  • Entrepreneurship
      • ​​Maryland holds the following rankings for women and minority business ownership: 1 
        • ​Second in the percentage of women-owned firms as a share of all firms (39.5%); and eighth in the percent of women-owned firms with paid employees as a share of all firms with paid employees (20.5%) 
        • Third in the percentage of African American-owned firms as a share of all firms (23.5%); first in the percent of African American-owned firms with paid employees (5.9%); and seventh in the total number of African American owned firms (125,160)
        • Eighth in the percentage of Asian-owned firms as a share of all firms (7.9%); and fifth in the percent of Asian-owned firms with paid employees (11.9%) 
        • 13th in the percentage of Hispanic-owned firms as a share of all firms (7.0%); and 11th in the percent of Hispanic-owned firms with paid employees (3.5%)
      • ​Maryland ranks third per capita and fourth overall in Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) awards for 2017.  Small businesses in Maryland received $106.2 million from the U.S. Small Business Administration through the highly competitive SBIR Program (equating to $17.55 per capita). 2   
      • Maryland ranks fourth overall and third among larger population states in the Kauffman Index of Growth Entrepreneurship, which is based on the rate of startup company growth, the density of high-growth scale-up companies among other young companies, and the density of fast-growing companies among the business population. Further, the Washington DC metro, which includes suburban Maryland, ranks first among the 40 largest metros. 3

      • With 111 of the nation's fastest growing private sector firms, Maryland ranks seventh among the states for Inc. 5000 companies as a percentage of total companies. 4 ​​​
      • Baltimore places fifth among "Top Cities for Minority Entrepreneurs," ranking second in economic opportunities for minorities, fifth for opportunity share of new entrepreneurs, and sixth for statup density. 5​
      • Baltimore places fifth in a ranking of the "Top 10 Rising Cities for Startups" based on costs, education levels, college presence, entrepreneurship rates, working-age population growth and venture capital investment. 6


      1 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2012 Survey of Business Owners; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
      2 U.S. Small Business Administration, data for 2017​​, and U.S. Census Bureau. 
      3 Kauffman Index of Growth Entrepreneurship 2017. Inc. 5000, August 2018, and U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
      5, "Best Cities for Minority Entrepreneurs," in June 27, 2017.
      6, The Top 10 Rising Cities for Startups, October 1, 2018.


  • Government and Business Support
      • ​Maryland is one of only 12 states with a “triple triple” general obligation bond rating -- AAA rating from the three major bond rating agencies -- and the state has the longest running Triple-A rating with a “stable” outlook from S&P Global, dating back to 1961.  1
      • ​Maryland ranks second per capita among the states and fourth in dollar value of federal government contracts, totaling $30.7 billion. For Department of Defense contracts, the state ranks third per capita among states and fifth in total dollar value with $13.1 billion.  2
      • According to a study on business taxes by Ernst & Young, Maryland businesses pay the second lowest share of state and local taxes, with business taxes accounting for 31.2% of total taxes collected in the state, compared with 43.7% for the national average. ​Further, Maryland ranks first for the lowest total state and local business taxes paid per dollar of net government spending that benefits businesses. 3
      • In Location Matters, the State Tax Cost​​s of Doing Business report by the Tax Foundation, Maryland ranks in the top ten states for lowest total effective tax rate for mature businesses in three of the seven business types studied, including labor-intensive manufacturing (fourth), call centers (ninth) and R&D facilities (tenth). 4

      • In the most recent Business Facilities Ranking Report, Maryland ranks sixth among the states as a cybersecurity jobs leader and seventh for bioscience R&D. Among metros, California-Lexington Park ranks second for occupational diversity, and the Salisbury metro ranks third per capita and 10th overall for food processing employment. Further, Baltimore Foreign-Trade Zone #74 places 10th among top FTZs for imports.  5
      • According to fDi Intelligence, a division of the Financial Times, Baltimore ranks seventh among large cities for connectivity, which includes internet speed; mobile phone subscribers; airport access and flights; and number of ports and performance.  6
      • ​The Port of Baltimore ranks ninth for the total dollar value of foreign waterborne commerce and 12th for cargo tonnage among all ports in the nation.  7
      • Maryland ranks tenth in the 2018 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard compiled by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. The report ranks states on the adoption and implementation of energy efficient policies which reduce energy costs, spur job growth, and benefit the environment. Maryland is a top ranked state in the combined heat and power policy category.  8
      • Five Maryland jurisdictions are ranked in the top ten for their population size class in the Center for Digital Government’s 2018 Digital Counties Survey. Montgomery County ranks first among largest counties, Prince George's is fifth and Baltimore County ninth in the next size class, Frederick third in its class, and Charles County ranks second for its class. The survey examines government technology practices and initiatives to streamline delivery of government services, encourage collaboration, and enhance cybersecurity.  9
      • Maryland is tenth in Governing magazine's 2016 Ranking of State Economies based on static and dynamic measures of overall economic performance, including the current level and change in unemployment rate, per capita state GDP and per capita personal income. 10
      • ​M​aryland ranks third among "Best States for Data Innovation," which evaluates key factors that affect state governments' strength in data analytics, and potential for data-driven growth and progress. 11

      • Maryland places fourth in the Grid Modernization Index, which ranks states on the degree to which they are moving toward a modernized electric grid. The index evaluates grid operations, state support and customer engagement. 12

      • Maryland ranks second in the Center for Digital Government's 2018 State Government Experience Awards which honor states that offer a sophisticated digital user experience to their citizens. The Maryland Enterprise Widget Framework was also cited for an Innovation Award. In addition, among 27 Government Experience Project Awards presented, Maryland's AccessDNR Mobile App and Business Express Portal were winners. 13


      1 Maryland State Treasurer’s office press release, July 24, 2018. 
      2 and U.S. Census Bureau, data for FY 2017; ranking excludes Washington DC.
      3 Ernst & Young, Total State and Local Business Taxes, State-by-State Estimates for Fiscal Year 2017, prepared in conjunction with the Council on State Taxation and the State Tax Research Institute; assumes 50% of education spending benefits business.
      4 Tax Foundation, Location Matters, The State Tax Costs of Doing Business, 2015.
      5 Business Facilities 14th Annual Rankings Report (2018).
      6 fDi Magazine, American Cities of the Future 2017/18, April/May 2017.
      7 Maryland Port Administration, 2017 Foreign Commerce Statistical Report.
      8 American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 2018 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard.
      9  Center for Digital Government, 2018 Digital Counties Survey.
      ​10, The Best of Times, the Worst of Times: A Ranking of State Economies, August 22, 2016.
      11 Center for Data Innovation, The Best States for Data Innovation, July 31, 2017.
      12 Gridwise Alliance, Grid Modernization Index, November 2017.
      13 Center for Digital Government, Government Experience Awards 2018.

  • Income and Wealth
      • ​​Maryland has the highest median household income among states for 2017 at $80,776, which is 34% above the national median. 1   
      • Maryland has maintained its first place ranking in the ratio of millionaire households for 2017, with 7.87% of households having $1 million or more in investable or liquid assets. 2 
      • Maryland has the second lowest poverty rate for 2017, with 9.3% of the population living in poverty, compared with 13.4% for the U.S. as a whole. 3   
      • Maryland is home to three of the top 25 large counties in the nation for median household income. Howard County ranks 12th ($111,473), Montgomery 17th ($103,235) and Calvert 22nd ($100,590) among 800+ counties with a population of 65,000 or greater. 4  
      • Maryland ranks fifth among the states in per capita personal income ($60,847). 5 


      1 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2017 American Community Survey; ranking excludes Washington D.C. 
      2 Phoenix Marketing International, Wealth and Affluent Monitor 2017 press release, February 7, 2018.
      3 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2017 American Community Survey.   
      4 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2017 American Community Survey.   
      5 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, 2017 (revised data); ranking excludes Washington, DC.   

  • New Economy
      • ​​Maryland ranks third in the Milken Institute’s biennial State Technology and Science Index for 2016. ​According to study results, Maryland received top ten rankings in all of the index components, including first in the technology and science workforce as well as the technology concentration and dynamism categories. The Index measures the technology and science assets for states, ranking them on their ability to foster and sustain a technology sector, which is crucial in determining a region's future economic success. 1
      • Maryland ranks sixth in the 2017 State New Economy Index, a measure of a state's economy as knowledge-based, globalized, entrepreneurial, information technology-driven and innovation-based. 2

      • Maryland/Virginia/Washington DC Metro places fourth in a ranking of the top ten U.S. biopharma clusters based on criteria including patents, NIH grant funding, venture capital, lab space and number of jobs. 3
      • Maryland ranks fourth among the states in average internet connection speed at 22.3 Mbps for the first quarter of 2017. Maryland also ranks highly among states for all levels of broadband adoption evaluated, including fifth among states in 10, 15 and 25 Mbps, and seventh in 4 Mbps. 4

      • ​​​Maryland ranks fifth among the states in the square footage of LEED-certified commercial and institutional green buildings per capita for 2017. By using less energy, LEED buildings save money for businesses and taxpayers; reduce greenhouse gas emissions; and contribute to a healthier environment for workers and the larger community.5
      • Maryland places second in WalletHub's State Innovation Index based on 22 indicators including share of STEM professionals, R&D spending per capita, tech company density, and other human capital and innovation environment factors. 6

      • Maryland ranks fifth in the Bloomberg U.S. Innovation Index, which scores states based on six metrics including R&D, productivity, high tech density, STEM employment, science and technology degrees and patent activity. 7

      • Suburban Maryland/Metro DC, spanning the Bethesda, Rockville and Gaithersburg areas in Montgomery County northwest to Frederick County, ranks sixth among U.S. life sciences clusters. The ranking is based on life science establishment and employment concentration, venture capital and NIH funding, as well as life sciences real estate supply, occupancy and rent. 8

      • Maryland ranks highly in the technology intensity of its business base. The state ranks fourth in science, engineering and technology (SET) establishments as a share of all business establishments (12.3%), third in employment in SET establishments as a share of all employment (16.9%), and seventh in SET business formation as a percent of all business establishments. 9
      • Maryland ranks fifth and is an "Innovation Champion" according to the Consumer Technology Association's 2018 Innovation Scorecard. The ranking is based on 12 criteria that include sensible tax structures and policies allowing cutting-edge technologies and new business models to flourish, all of which creates high-quality jobs and healthy economic growth. 10

      1 The Milken Institute, State Technology and Science Index: Sustaining America's Innovation Economy, October 2016.   
      2 ITIF, 2017 State New Economy Index, November 6, 2017.
      3 Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News, Top 10 U.S. Biopharma Clusters, September 23, 2018. 
      4 Akamai, The State of the Internet Q1 2017 report.
      5 U.S. Green Building Council press release, January 31, 2018.
      6 WalletHub, 2018's Most & Least Innovative States, March 21, 2018.
      7 Bloomberg U.S. Innovation Index, December 22, 2016.
      8 Jones Lang LaSalle, U.S. Life Sciences Outlook Report 2018.
      9 National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators 2018, using data from 2014; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
      10 Consumer Technology Association, 2018 U.S. Innovation Scorecard.

  • Quality of Life
      • Johns Hopkins Hospital ranks third in the U.S. News and World Report honor roll of best hospitals in the nation, with excellence in fifteen out of sixteen specialty categories, and the highest rating possible in seven out of nine procedures or conditions evaluated. Further​more, Johns Hopkins Children‘s Center ranks eighth on the honor roll among best children's hospitals, and is nationally ranked in all ten pediatric specialties evaluated. 1 ​
      • Marylanders ranks second in the 2017 Generosity Index which measures the extent and depth of generosity. The index is based on percentage of tax filers donating to charity, in which Maryland ranks first, and percentage of aggregate income donated, in which the state ranks sixth. 2 
      • Maryland ranks fifth among the states in active physicians per capita, with over 23,400 doctors statewide.
      • Maryland ranks fifth for the percentage of households with a broadband internet subscription, and ninth for the percentage of households with a computer . 4

      • Maryland is eighth in a ranking of America's Best States to Live In, based on poverty level, bachelor degree attainment and life expectancy. 5

      • Three Maryland communities, Silver Spring, Gaithersburg and Germantown, rank among the top ten most diverse cities in the U.S. according to a 2018 analysis of 500 cities by WalletHub. Furthermore, the three Montgomery County communities hold the top three places among small cities in the report, which is based on an index of socioeconomic, cultural, economic, household and religious diversity. 6

      • Baltimore places fifth among U.S. cities, and second among large cities with one million or more population, in Healthgrades' National Health Index based on access to care, population health, hospital quality, and local specialists. 7

      • Baltimore places fourth among large metros where African Americans are doing the best economically. The ranking is based on household income, home ownership, self-employment and population change. 8
      • Maryland is the tenth best state for health care according to a recent study by WalletHub of costs, access and outcomes. In the weighted analysis of 40 metrics, Maryland ranks second lowest for health care costs. 9
      • Maryland ranks as the seventh most diverse state in the U.S. according to a WalletHub analysis of data in six major categories of diversity including socioeconomic, cultural, economic, household, religious and political. 10
      • Ellicott City, Maryland places fourth and Bethesda 20th in Money magazine's "Best Places to Live" ranking of small cities for 2018. The ranking of places with a population of 50,000 or more is based on economic health, cost of lving, diversity, education, income, crime, ease of living and amenities. 11

      1 U.S. News and World Report, June and August 2018.  
      2 The Fraser Institute, Generosity in Canada and the United States: The 2017 Generosity Index, December 2017.
      ​3 Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation and U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, data for 2017; ranking excludes Washington, DC.  
      U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2017 American Community Survey.
      5 24/7 Wall Street, America's Best States to Live In, November 2, 2018.
      6 WalletHub, 2018's Most Diverse Cities in the U.S., May 3, 2018.
      7, 2019 National Health Index, October 2018.
      8, The Cities Where African-Americans are Doing the Best Economically 2018, January 15, 2018.
      9 WalletHub, 2018's Best & Worst States for Health Care, August 6, 2018.
      10 WalletHub, 2018's Most & Least Diverse States in America, September 18, 2018.
      11 Money Magazine, Best Places to Live 2018.

  • Research and Development
      • ​Johns Hopkins University ranks first among U.S. colleges and universities in total National Institutes of Health awards, including grants and contracts for research, development, training and fellowships ($651.8 million). 1 
      • Johns Hopkins University ranks first among academic institutions in the nation in research and development expenditures, totaling $2.43 billion in FY 2016.  The university also ranks first in federally funded research ($2.10 billion). 2 
      • ​Maryland ranks first in Natio​nal Institutes of Health research and development contract awards ($611.4 million). 3 
      • Maryland ranks first among the states in federal obligations for research and development ($16.5 billion) and first also on a per capita basis.
      • Maryland ranks third in research and development intensity, which is the ratio of total R&D expenditures to gross domestic product (GDP) by state.  Maryland ranks fifth in total R&D performance, including federal and state government, business, nonprofit and academia. 5   
      • Maryland ranks fifth in R&D expenditures at universities and colleges, totaling $3.80 billion in FY 2016. Further, Maryland ranks third in federal government R&D spending at universities and colleges with $2.96 billion. 6 
      • According to the Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer, Maryland is home to 74 federal laboratories, more than twice as many as any other state.7
      • Johns Hopkins University ranks fifth worldwide among universities in the number of World Intellectual Property Organization administered Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) international patent applications for 2017, totaling 129.8 
       1 National Institutes of Health, data for FY 2017.
       2 National Science Foundation, data for FY 2016.
       3 National Institutes of Health, data for FY 2017.
       4 National Science Foundation, data for FY 2016, and U.S. Bureau of the Census; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
       5 National Science Foundation, data for FY 2015​. 
       6 National Science Foundation, data for FY 2016.
       7 Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer,, as of January 11, 2018.​
       8 World Intellectual Property Organization, data for 2017.

  • Workforce
      • ​Marylan​d has the highest concentration of employed doctoral scientists and engineers. The state ranks first in employed PhD scientists and engineers per 100,000 employed workers (1,529), with a first place ranking for PhD scientists (1,172) and second for PhD engin​eers (248). Maryland also holds rankings in the following fields for employed doctoral scientists per 100,000 employed workers: 
        • first in biological sciences (458) 
        • first in health (112) 
        • second in mathematical sciences (60) 
        • third in physical sciences (281) 
        • fourth in computer and information sciences (38)1
      • ​Maryland ranks second among the states in the percentage of professional and technical workers (27.8%) in the workforce. 2 
      • ​Maryland ranks third among the states in the percentage of the population age 25 and above with a bachelor’s degree or higher (39.7%) and second in the percentage with a graduate or professional degree (18.3%).  3 
      • Maryland has the highest concentration of workers in STEM occupations at 9.3%, totaling 248,410 workers in 2017. 4

      • According to the Cyberstates 2018 report, Maryland ranks fifth among the states in the ratio of female workers in tech occupations (23.8%), eighth for tech GSP as a percentage of total GSP (10.9%), and ninth in average tech industry wages ($109.964).  5
      • Maryland ranks fourth among the states in federal government employment, with 146,707 non-military federal jobs in 2017. On a per capita basis, the state ranks first with 242 federal jobs per 10,000 residents. Non-military federal jobs generate $14.9 billion in total wages in Maryland, ranking fourth among the states. Further, these jobs pay better in Maryland than in any other state, with an average annual wage of $101,378, which is 26% higher than the national average. 6 
      • Baltimore maintains its first place position among the "Best American Cities for Women in Business," which is based on the percentage of women-owned businesses, executive jobs held by women, gender wage gap, and buying power of women. 7

      • Baltimore is third in a ranking of the best cities for women in technology based on tech jobs filled by women, tech job growth, overall pay for women and the gender pay gap. 8

      • According to the CBRE Research report "Scoring Tech Talent," Baltimore ranks 11th overall and 10th among U.S. metropolitan areas as a top tech talent market, and ninth among U.S. metros in tech talent labor concentration. 9


      National Science Foundation and U.S. Census Bureau, data for 2015; ranking excludes Washington, DC.  
      ​2 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2017 American Community Survey; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
      U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2017 American Community Survey; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
      4 U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, data for May 2017; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
      5 CompTIA, Cyberstates 2018; ranking excludes Washington, DC.     
      U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment and Wages, Annual Averages 2017; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
      7, Best American Cities for Women in Business, October 22, 2018.
      8, The Best Cities for Women in Tech, February 22, 2018.
      CBRE Research, 2018 Scoring Tech Talent, covering the U.S. and Canada.​