Sign In

Rankings and Statistics

​​Looking for data?

Get to know Maryland better with the easy-to-use Data Explorer. Compare information on education, the economy, taxes and quality of life on different locations within Maryland or with other states and metro areas. ​​

Maryland Data Explorer

​ 

Rankings

Choose from eight categories of rankings including Workforce, R&D, Income and Wealth, Quality of Life, and Education to find out how Maryland stacks up against the competition.
  • Education
      • For the tenth year in a row, Maryland ranks first in the percentage of high school seniors who scored at the mastery level on Advanced Placement (AP) exams, with 31.7% earning a score of 3 or higher in 2015. In addition, Maryland ranks third among the states in the percentage of graduates taking AP tests during high school at 51.0%, up from 30.7% in 2005.  1
      • Maryland is first in the nation with 17 higher education institutions designated by the National Security Agency and Department of Homeland Security as National Centers of Academic Excellence in Information Assurance education and research, and Cyber Defense education and research.  2
      • According to Quality Counts, Education Week’s annual assessment of key indicators of student success, Maryland’s K-12 public school system ranks fourth overall based on three graded categories that include chance for success, K-12 achievement and school finance. 3
      • According to U.S. News and World Report’s Best Colleges survey, Johns Hopkins University holds the following rankings:  4
        • ​​tenth overall among top national universities that offer doctoral degrees and 20th in best value
        • fifth, ranked by high school counselors as offering the best undergraduate education
        • third among top research medical schools, with top ten rankings in the following specialties:  drug and alcohol abuse, geriatrics, internal medicine, pediatrics, and women’s health
        • first in nursing, with top ten rankings in adult acute care and primary care nurse practitioner, pediatric primary care nurse practitioner, family nurse practitioner, psychiatric nurse practitioner, nursing administration and doctor of nursing practice
        • 14th in undergraduate engineering among schools that offer a doctorate, first in graduate and second in undergraduate biomedical engineering, and seventh in undergraduate and ninth in graduate environmental engineering
        • first in graduate public health, fifth in health policy management and seventh in health care management
        • fifth in graduate biology, with top ten rankings in biochemistry, cell biology, immunology, neuroscience, and molecular biology
        • second in graduate education and fifth in statistics
        • sixth in online graduate nursing, fifth in online graduate information technology, and 11th in online graduate engineering programs
      • ​According to U.S. News and World Report’s Best Colleges survey, the University of Maryland, College Park holds the following rankings:  5 
        • 20th overall among top public universities in the nation
        • 19th in undergraduate business programs, with ​top ten rankings in undergraduate management information systems and in graduate information systems 
        • top ten in graduate physics programs including atomic/molecular/optical physics, condensed matter, plasma and quantum physics
        • tenth in graduate applied math and seventh in geochemistry
        • top ten ranking in undergraduate and graduate aerospace engineering 
        • first in graduate criminology
        • top ten in graduate education programs including student counseling/personnel services, educational psychology,and higher education administration
        • top ten in graduate library and information science including archives and preservation, information systems, school library media and services for children and youth​
        • 16th best online graduate engineering program
       
      • Other Maryland colleges/universities that rank highly in the U.S. News and World Report survey include: 6 
        • The University of Maryland, Baltimore County ranks fifth among most innovative schools, and 18th best for undergraduate teaching; it also has the 16th best online graduate information technology program
        • The University of Maryland, Baltimore ranks among the top ten U.S. law schools in clinical training, health care law and part-time law
        • The University of Maryland, Baltimore, ranks eighth nationally in nursing, with top ten rankings in clinical nurse leader, adult acute care and primary care nurse practitioner, family nurse practitioner, nursing administration, nursing anasthesia, nursing informatics, and doctor of nursing practice
        • The University of Maryland, Baltimore, ranks ninth in pharmacy
        • St. Mary’s College of Maryland ranks sixth among top public liberal arts colleges in the nation, and is the tenth best college for veterans
        • St. Johns College ranks fifth among national liberal arts colleges for best undergraduate teaching
        • Loyola University Maryland ranks third among top northern universities that offer undergraduate and master’s degrees 
        • Mount St. Mary’s University ranks 14th among northern universities as a best college for veterans
        • Towson University ranks 14th and Salisbury University 20th best among public northern universities that offer undergraduate and master’s degrees 
        • Hood College ranks 13th in best values among northern universities that offer undergraduate and master’s degrees
        • Goucher College ranks eighth in most innovative schools among national liberal arts colleges
        • Maryland Institute College of Art ranks ninth overall for its master of fine arts program, with top ten rankings in graphic design, painting/drawing and sculpture 
        • Morgan State University ranks 20th among historically black colleges
        • The United States Naval Academy ranks first in the nation among top public liberal arts colleges, and is ranked first by high school counselors for offering the best education to their students
        • The United States Naval Academy ranks fifth in undergraduate engineering (among schools without PhD programs); its programs in electronics/communications and mechanical engineering rank in the top ten 

      • According to a U.S. News and World Report ranking of U.S. public high schools, Maryland places first in the percentage of schools awarded a gold or silver medal for how well schools prepare students for college-level work, based on performance on state and national proficiency tests and graduation rates.  7
      • Howard Community College ranks fourth and Prince George's Community College 19th in the nation in Washington Monthly's list of America's Best Colleges for Adult Learners. The ranking of two-year colleges is based on measures of an institution's openness and responsiveness to adult students and how well those students fare upon leaving. 8

      • The University of Maryland, College Park places seventh in a Kiplinger ranking of the 100 best values among public colleges for 2016 based on a combination of academics and affordability. Four other Maryland institutions also make the top 100 public colleges including St. Mary’s College, the University of Maryland Baltimore County, Salisbury University and Towson University.  9
      • According to the Princeton Review and Entrepreneur magazine, the University of Maryland, College Park ranks 10th for undergraduate and 18th for graduate entrepreneurship programs for 2016. 10

      • Johns Hopkins University ranks 12th in U.S. News and World Report's list of Best Global Universities, which rates institutions on their academic research performance and global and regional reputations. Further, Hopkins ranks in the top ten in seven subject specialties.  11
      • According to Times Higher Education, Johns Hopkins University is 11th in a ranking of world universities based on teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook. Further, the university ranks ninth worldwide for clinical, pre-clinical and health fields.  12
      • The University of Maryland, College Park ranks 15th among U.S. public universities according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities. UMCP ranks among the top 25 universities in the world and top 10 U.S. public universities in physics, computer science, social science and economics/business. Further, it ranks fifth in the U.S. in civil engineering, and 12th in the world. 13 
      • Johns Hopkins University ranks 16th worldwide and 14th in the U.S. among research universities according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities. Hopkins ranks fourth in the world in the field of medicine, 14th in physics and 15th in life sciences.  14 
       
       
      Resources 

       
      1 Maryland State Department of Education, February 24, 2016 press release.
      2 National Security Agency, Information Assurance Directorate.
      3 Education Week, Quality Counts 2016, January 7, 2016.
      4 U.S. News and World Report, America’s Best Colleges 2017, and Best Graduate Schools 2017 Editions.  
      5 U.S. News and World Report, America’s Best Colleges 2017 and Best Graduate Schools 2017 Editions.  
      6 U.S. News and World Report, America’s Best Colleges 2017 and Best Graduate Schools 2017 Editions.
      7 U.S. News and World Report, Best High Schools 2016, April 2016. 
      8 Washington Monthly, America's Best Colleges for Adult Learners, September/October 2016.
      9 Kiplinger’s Best Values in Public Colleges, December 2015.
      10 The Princeton Review and Entrepreneur magazine, Top Schools for Entrepreneurship Studies for 2016.
      11 U.S. News and World Report, Best Global Universities 2016.
      12 Times Higher Education, World University Rankings 2015-2016.
      13 Shanghai Ranking Consultancy, Academic Ranking of World Universities 2015 and 2016​.
      14 Shanghai Ranking Consultancy, Academic Ranking of World Universities 2015 and 2016.

  • Entrepreneurship
      • ​​Maryland holds the following rankings for women and minority business ownership: 1 
        • ​Second in the percentage of women-owned firms as a share of all firms (39.5%); and eighth in the percent of women-owned firms with paid employees as a share of all firms with paid employees (20.5%) 
        • Third in the percentage of African American-owned firms as a share of all firms (23.5%); first in the percent of African American-owned firms with paid employees (5.9%); and seventh in the total number of African American owned firms (125,160)
        • Eighth in the percentage of Asian-owned firms as a share of all firms (7.9%); and fifth in the percent of Asian-owned firms with paid employees (11.9%) 
        • 13th in the percentage of Hispanic-owned firms as a share of all firms (7.0%); and 11th in the percent of Hispanic-owned firms with paid employees (3.5%)
      • ​Maryland ranks fourth per capita and fifth overall in Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) awards for 2015.  Small businesses in Maryland received $76.5 million from the U.S. Small Business Administration through the highly competitive SBIR Program (equating to $12.74 per capita). 2   
      • Maryland ranks third overall and second among larger population states in the Kauffman Index of Growth Entrepreneurship, which is based on the rate of startup company growth, the density of high-growth scale-up companies among other young companies, and the density of fast-growing companies among the business population. Further, the Washington DC metro, which includes suburban Maryland, ranks first among the 40 largest metros. 3

      • The Washington DC metro (which includes suburban Maryland) ranks second among metros with 318 companies on Inc. magazine’s list of the 5000 fastest growing private companies in the U.S. Among states, Maryland places eighth when ranked by Inc. 5000 companies as a percentage of total companies. 4 
      • According to Popular Mechanics, Baltimore ranks fifth among the "Best Startup Cities in America." Baltimore is noted in particular for its low cost of doing business and increasing number of successful incubators and accelerators. 5
      • ​​Maryland ranks ninth among the states in the value of venture capital deals for 2015, and 12th in the total number of deals. A total of 71 venture capital deals in Maryland in 2015 resulted in over $820 million in investment. 6 ​
      • Baltimore ranks second among nine "Hot Startup Cities" according to Entrepreneur magazine. The city is cited in particular for its many ed-tech startups. 7

      Resources 

      1 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2012 Survey of Business Owners; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
      2 U.S. Small Business Administration, data for 2015​​, and U.S. Census Bureau. 
      3 Kauffman Index of Growth Entrepreneurship 2016.
      Inc.com, September 2015 and U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
      5 PopularMechanics.com, January 2015.​
      PricewaterhouseCoopers and the National Venture Capital Association’s 2015 MoneyTree Report.   
      7 Entrepreneur.com, August 4, 2015.

       

  • Government and Business Support
      • ​Maryland is one of only nine states with a “triple triple” general obligation bond rating -- AAA rating from the three major bond rating agencies -- and the state has the longest running Triple-A rating with a “stable” outlook from S&P Global, dating back to 1961.  1
      • ​Maryland ranks second per capita and fourth in total dollar value with $27.9 billion in federal government contracts. For Department of Defense contracts, the state ranks third per capita and fifth in total dollar value with $13.0 billion.  2
      • According to a study on business taxes by Ernst & Young, Maryland ranks seventh lowest nationally in state and local business taxes as a share of private sector GSP. Maryland has a total effective business tax rate of 3.8% on economic activity compared with 4.6% for the U.S. as a whole. Further, Maryland businesses pay the second lowest share of state and local taxes, with business taxes accounting for 31.3% of total taxes collected in the state, compared with 45.0% for the national average. Further,    3
      • In Location Matters, the State Tax Cost​​s of Doing Business report by the Tax Foundation, Maryland ranks in the top ten states for lowest total effective tax rate for mature businesses in three of the seven business types studied, including labor-intensive manufacturing (fourth), call centers (ninth) and R&D facilities (tenth). 4

      • In the 2015 Enterprising States study, which looks at how states are creating an environment in which the private sector can thrive, Maryland ranks second in the high-tech "Talent Pipeline," third in "Innovation and Entrepreneurship,” and fifth in "High Tech Performance.”  5
      • In the most recent Business Facilities Ranking Report, Maryland ranks third among the states for infrastructure upgrades, fifth for broadband leadership and sixth as a biotechnology leader. Montgomery County in the suburban Washington DC area ranks fourth among greenest metros, and Frederick County ranks eighth for economic growth potential.  6
      • According to fDi Intelligence, a division of the Financial Times, Baltimore ranks fourth among large cities for connectivity, which includes internet speed; mobile phone subscribers; airport access and flights; and number of ports and performance.  7
      • ​The Port of Baltimore ranks first among U.S. ports for the handling of autos and light trucks, farm and construction machinery. Overall Baltimore is ranked ninth for the total dollar value of cargo and 13th for cargo tonnage among all ports in the nation.  8
      • In its annual analysis of economic strength, Policom ranks the Washington DC metro area, which includes suburban Maryland, ninth and the Baltimore metro 15th among 381 U.S. metropolitan areas based on jobs, earnings, small business growth, and the economic impact of these factors on the standard of living of metro workers and residents.  9
      • Maryland ranks seventh in the 2015 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard compiled by the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. The report ranks states on the adoption and implementation of energy efficient policies which reduce energy costs, spur job growth, and benefit the environment. Maryland was the most improved state in 2015.  10
      • In an analysis of the strength of state economies, Maryland ranks seventh among the states for innovation potential and seventh also for economic health. In the study conducted by WalletHub, Maryland ranks 11th overall among the states. 11

      • Five Maryland jurisdictions are ranked in the top ten for their size class in the Center for Digital Government’s 2016 Digital Counties Survey. Montgomery County ranks second and Baltimore and Prince George's counties are tied for sixth among counties with a population of 500,000 or more. Among counties with populations of 150,000 to 249,999, Charles County ranks second and Frederick third. The survey examines how governments use new technologies to increase efficiency, involve citizens, improve government transparency, and boost cybersecurity.  12
      • Maryland ranks first in the state portal category in the Center for Digital Government's 2016 Best of the Web awards which recognize governments for engaging citizens online while providing cutting-edge web services. In the county portal category, Baltimore County ranks first and Anne Arundel County third. In the accompanying Digital Government Achievement Awards, which highlight outstanding agency websites and apps, the Maryland Buinsess Express (MBE) Application is a winner in the government-to-business category. 13 

      • Foreign-Trade Zone #74 in Baltimore has been named the North American winner among Global Free Zones of the Year for 2015. It was also selected as the best zone in North America for large tenants according to fDI Intelligence, a division of the Financial Times. The report cites the zone for its connectivity, including access to the Port of Baltimore, major rail lines and roads. 14

      • Maryland is tenth in Governing magazine's 2016 Ranking of State Economies based on static and dynamic measures of overall economic performance, including the current level and change in unemployment rate, per capita state GDP and per capita personal income. 15

      Resources

      1 Maryland State Treasurer’s office press release, May 26, 2016. 
      2 National Priorities Project, data for 2014.
      3 Ernst & Young, Total State and Local Business Taxes, State-by-State Estimates for Fiscal Year 2014, prepared in conjunction with the Council on State Taxation.
      4 Tax Foundation, Location Matters, The State Tax Costs of Doing Business, 2015.
      5 U.S. Chamber of Commerce Foundation, Enterprising States 2015: States Innovate.
      6 Business Facilities magazine, 2016 Rankings Report.
      7 fDi Magazine, American Cities of the Future 2015/16, April/May 2015.
      8 Maryland Port Administration press release,  March 9, 2016.
      9 Policom Corporation, Economic Strength Rankings – 2016.
      10 American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 2015 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard.
      11 WalletHub, 2016 States with the Best & Worst Economies; ranking excludes Washington DC.
      12 Center for Digital Government, 2016 Digital Counties Survey.
      13 Center for Digital Government, Best of the Web and Digital Achievement Awards 2016.
      14 fDi Magazine, Global Free Zones of the Year 2015, October 2015.
      15 Governing.com, The Best of Times, the Worst of Times: A Ranking of State Economies, August 22, 2016.

  • Income and Wealth
      • ​​Maryland has the highest median household income for 2015 at $75,847, which is 36 percent above the national median. 1   
      • Maryland maintained its first place ranking in millionaires per capita for 2015 with 7.7% of households having $1 million or more in investable or liquid assets. 2 
      • Maryland has the second lowest poverty rate for 2015, with 9.7% of the population living in poverty, compared with 14.7% for the U.S. as a whole. 3   
      • Maryland is home to three of the top 20 large counties in the nation for median household income. Howard County ranks third ($110,892), Calvert sixth ($106,247) and Montgomery 15th ($98,917) among 800+ counties with a population of 65,000 or greater. 4  
      • Maryland ranks fifth among the states in per capita personal income ($56,127). 5 

      Resources 

      1 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2015 American Community Survey. 
      2 Phoenix Marketing, Millionaires by State Ranking 2015.
      3 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2015 American Community Survey.   
      4 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2015 American Community Survey.   
      5 U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, 2015 (preliminary data); ranking excludes Washington, DC.   

  • New Economy
      • ​​Maryland has maintained its second place ranking in the Milken Institute’s biennial State Technology and Science Index for 2014. ​According to study results, Maryland received top five rankings in all of the index components, including human capital investment, research and development inputs, risk capital and entrepreneurial infrastructure, technology and science workforce, and technology concentration and dynamism. The Index measures the technology and science assets for states, ranking them on their ability to foster and sustain a technology sector, which is crucial in determining a region's future economic success. 1
      • Maryland/Washington DC Metro places fourth in a ranking of the top ten U.S. biopharma clusters based on criteria including patents, NIH grant funding, venture capital, lab space and number of jobs. 2
      • Maryland ranks fifth in the 2014 State New Economy Index a measure of a state’s economy as knowledge-based, globalized, entrepreneurial, information technology-driven and innovation-based. 3
      • Maryland ranks fifth among the states in average internet connection speed at 17.6 Mbps for the fourth quarter of 2015. Maryland also ranks highly for other measures of internet speed, including third for average peak connection speed and fourth for 25 Mbps broadband adoption. 4
      • ​​​Maryland ranks second among the states in the square footage of LEED-certified commercial and institutional green buildings per capita for 2015. By using less energy, LEED buildings save money for businesses and taxpayers; reduce greenhouse gas emissions; and contribute to a healthier environment for workers and the larger community.5
      • Maryland ranks seventh in the Bloomberg U.S. Innovation Index, which scores states based on six metrics including R&D, productivity, high tech density, STEM employment, science and technology degrees and patent activity. 6
      • Suburban Maryland/Metro DC, spanning the Rockville and Gaithersburg areas in Montgomery County northwest to Frederick County, ranks eighth among U.S. life sciences clusters with top five rankings in the component factors of life sciences establishment concentration, life sciences venture cpaital funding and NIH funding. 7
      • Maryland ranks highly in the technology intensity of its business base. The state ranks fourth in high science, engineering and technology (SET) establishments as a share of all business establishments (11.9%), and third in employment in high SET establishments as a share of all employment (16.1%). 8
       
      Resources

       
      1 The Milken Institute, State Technology and Science Index: Enduring Lessons for the Intangible Economy, November 2014.   
      2 Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News, May 2, 2016. 
      3 Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, The 2014 State New Economy Index.
      4 Akamai, State of the Internet Q4 2015 report.
      5 U.S. Green Building Council press release, January 26, 2016.
      6 Bloomberg U.S. Innovation Index, January 7, 2016.
      7 Jones Lang LaSalle, Global Life Sciences Cluster Report 2014.
      8 National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators 2016, using data from 2012; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
      ​​

  • Quality of Life
      • Johns Hopkins Hospital ranks fourth in the U.S. News and World Report honor roll of best hospitals in the nation, with excellence in fifteen out of sixteen specialty categories, and the highest rating possible in seven out of nine procedures or conditions evaluated. Further​more, Johns Hopkins Children‘s Center is nationally ranked in ten pediatric specialties, scoring top ten rankings in four. 1 
      • Maryland ranks first among the states according to the Institute for Women's Policy Research report, "The Status of Women in the States: 2015," in both the Employment and Earnings index and the Poverty and Opportunity index. Maryland ranks in the top 10 states in every component for these two indexes:
        • first among the stat​es in the percent of women-owned businesses, median annual earnings and the percent of women in professional and managerial occupations 
        • second in the percent of women with a bachelor's degree or higher and the earnings ratio between women and men
        • third in the percent of women living above poverty 
        • sixth in the percent of women in the labor force 
        • eighth in the percent of women with health insurance 2

      • Marylanders ranks second in the 2015 Generosity Index which measures the extent and depth of generosity. The index is based on percentage of tax filers donating to charity, in which Maryland ranks first, and percentage of aggregate income donated, in which the state ranks seventh. 3   
      • Maryland is the second best state for health care according to a recent study by WalletHub of costs, access and outcomes. In the weighted analysis of 29 metrics, Maryland ranks first, or lowest, in the health care cost component. 4

      • Maryland ranks fifth among the states in active physicians per 100,000 population, with over 22,000 doctors statewide.
      • Maryland ranks seventh for the percentage of households with a computer, and tenth for the percentage of households with a broadband internet subscription. 6

      • Baltimore ranks fourth and Washington DC, which includes suburban Maryland, ranks third among cities where African Americans are doing the best economically. The ranking is based on household income, home ownership, self-employment and population change. 7

      • Maryland ranks 10th in the nation in child well-being according to the Annie E. Casey Foundation’s 2013 Kids Count Data Book. The report ranks states based on their performance across 16 child well-being indicators, and Maryland scores particularly well in education factors.  8
      • Three Maryland suburbs placed in the top 10 in a Movoto Real Estate ranking of "America's Most Caring Suburbs," including Silver Spring (first), Frederick (fifth) and Columbia (sixth). The areas are ranked on mental health resources, crime, pet shelters, carpooling and community services. 9

      • Columbia/Ellicott City, Maryland is ranked sixth among America’s “Best Places to Live” in the CNN/Money magazine 2014 ranking of small cities. The area is cited for its diverse and outstanding schools, access to parks and recreational facilities, and abundance of good jobs. Rockville, Maryland also placed in the top 25 in the ranking of small cities. 10  
      • Baltimore ranks fourth among the "Top Ten Cities for Wildlife" according to the National Wildlife Federation and is cited for its commitment to conservation education and its many acres of urban parkland. 11

      • Baltimore ranks seventh among "America's Best Cities for a Healthy and More Affordable Retirement." The ranking is based on environmental quality, healthcare, social activities, the economy, and crime. 12 

      • Maryland ranks as the seventh best state for women according to WalletHub based on economic and social well-being and women's health issues. 13

      • Rockville ranks first among best places to raise a family for 2016 based on a number of quality-of-life factors including schools, crime, parks, libraries and walkability. 14

      Resources 

      1 U.S. News and World Report, June and August 2016.  
      2 Institute ​for Women's Policy Research, The Status of Women in the States: 2015.
      The Fraser Institute, Generosity in Canada and the United States: The 2015 Generosity Index, December 2015.
      4 WalletHub 2016 States with the Best & Worst Health Care.
      Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation and U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, data for 2015; ranking excludes Washington, DC.  
      U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2015 American Community Survey.
      Forbes.com, January 15, 2015.
      8 Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2013 Kids Count Data Book.
      ​9 Movoto Real Estate, T​he 10 Most Caring Suburbs in America, posted January 6, 2015.
      10 CNN/Money magazine Best Places to Live, 2014.
      11 National Wildlife Federation, NWF Honors America's Top 10 Cities for Wildlife, March 9, 2015.​
      12Center for a Secure Retirement, August 2015. 
      13WalletHub 2016 Best and Worst States for Women.
      14 Livability.com, 10 Best Cities for Families 2016.

  • Research and Development
      • ​Johns Hopkins University ranks first among U.S. colleges and universities in total National Institutes of Health awards, including grants and contracts for research, development, training and fellowships ($585 million). 1 
      • Johns Hopkins University ranks first among academic institutions in the nation in research and development expenditures, totaling $2.24 billion in FY 2014.  The university also ranks first in federally funded research ($1.95 billion). 2 
      • ​Maryland ranks first in Natio​nal Institutes of Health research and development contract awards ($405 million). 3 
      • Maryland ranks first among the states in federal obligations for research and development ($16.9 billion) and first also on a per capita basis.
      • Maryland ranks third in research and development intensity, which is the ratio of R&D expenditures to gross domestic product (GDP) by state.  Maryland ranks fourth in total R&D performance, first in federal intramural R&D, and fourth in R&D performed at universities and colleges. 5   
      • Maryland ranks fourth in R&D expenditures at universities and colleges, totaling $3.57 billion in FY 2014. Further, Maryland ranks third in federal government R&D spending at universities and colleges with $2.83 billion. 6 
      • A study by Elsevier and the Council of State Governments on America’s knowledge economy ranks states on research inputs, outputs and impact. Maryland ranks second in the nation in research publications per 1,000 residents and fourth in the impact of those studies across all fields based on citation in other studies. Importantly, Maryland ranks second in the citation of research studies in industry patents, suggesting a high impact on innovation. 7
      • According to the Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer, Maryland is home to 74 federal laboratories, more than twice as many as any other state.8
      • Johns Hopkins University ranks third worldwide among universities in the number of World Intellectual Property Organization administered Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) international patent applications for 2015, totaling 170.9 
       
      Resources
       1 National Institutes of Health, data for FY 2015.
       2 National Science Foundation, data for FY 2014.
       3 National Institutes of Health, data for FY 2015.
       4 National Science Foundation, data for FY 2014, and U.S. Bureau of the Census; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
       5 National Science Foundation, data for FY 2012​. 
       6 National Science Foundation, data for FY 2014.
       7 Elsevier and the Council of State Governments, America’s Knowledge Economy: A State-by-State Review, April 2015.​​
       8 Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer, federallabs.org, as of January 20, 2016.​
       9 World Intellectual Property Organization, data for 2015.

  • Workforce
      • ​Marylan​d has the highest concentration of employed doctoral scientists and engineers. The state ranks first in employed PhD scientists and engineers per 100,000 employed workers (1,288), with a first place ranking for PhD scientists (1,031) and third for PhD engin​eers (178). Maryland also holds rankings in the following fields for employed doctoral scientists per 100,000 employed workers: 
        • first in biological sciences (466) 
        • first in mathematical sciences (75) 
        • first in health (83) 
        • fourth in physical sciences (221) 
        • fifth in computer and information sciences (28)1
      • ​Maryland ranks first among the states in the percentage of professional and technical workers (28.3%) in the workforce. 2 
      • ​Maryland ranks third among the states in the percentage of the population age 25 and above with a bachelor’s degree or higher (38.8%) and second in the percentage with a graduate or professional degree (17.7%).  3 
      • According to the Cyberstates 2016 report, Maryland ranks first among the states in the concentration of information technology establishments, comprising 8.5% of private sector establishments, and fourth in the concentration of IT jobs, which employ 8.6% of the private sector workforce. The state ranks sixth for tech payroll as a percentage of private sector payroll (16.9%) and eighth for tech GSP as a percentage of total GSP (8.1%). Further, Maryland ranks second in the ratio of female workers in tech occupations (24.4%).  4
      • Maryland ranks fourth among the states in federal government employment, with 144,023 non-military federal jobs in 2015. On a per capita basis, the state ranks first with 240 federal jobs per 10,000 residents. Non-military federal jobs generate $14.0 billion in total wages in Maryland, ranking fourth among the states. Further, these jobs pay better in Maryland than in any other state, with an average annual wage of $97,122, which is 25% higher than the national average. 5 
      • Baltimore is fourth in a ranking of the best cities for women in technology based on tech jobs filled by women, tech job growth, overall pay for women and the gender pay gap. 6

      • According to the CBRE Research report "Scoring Tech Talent," Baltimore ranks tenth as a top tech talent market based on the ability to attract and grow its tech talent pool. Components of the scorecard in which Baltimore ranks highest include fourth in tech labor pool growth, fourth in gender diversity in tech occupations, and tenth in tech labor concentration. 7

       
      Resources

       
      National Science Foundation, data for 2013, and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics; ranking excludes Washington, DC.  
      ​2 U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2014 Geographic Profile of Employment and Unemployment; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
      U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2015 American Community Survey; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
      CompTIA, Cyberstates 2016.     
      U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment and Wages, Annual Averages 2015; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census; ranking excludes Washington, DC.
      6 SmartAsset.com, The Best Cities for Women in Tech, March 2, 2016.
      CBRE Research, 2016 Scoring Tech Talent.​